Meditations and Devotions
John Henry Newman
Edited by Rev. W. P. Neville


Prefatory Notice
Title Page

Paul Zadik's contribution of this volume is gratefully acknowledged—NR.

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Part I


Meditations on the Litany of Loreto, for the Month of May


1. May the Month of Promise      3

2. May the Month of Joy     5
I. The Immaculate Conception       

1. Virgo Purissima (The Most Pure Virgin)     8

2. Virgo Prædicanda (The Virgin who is to be proclaimed)   10

3. Mater Admirabilis (The Wonderful Mother)    13

4. Domus Aurea (The House of Gold)   15

5. Mater Amabilis (The Lovable or Dear Mother)   17

5. Rosa Mystica (The Mystical Rose) [Duplicate]   20

6. Virgo Veneranda (The All-Worshipful Virgin)   23

7. Sancta Maria (The Holy Mary)   26
II. The Annunciation [file 2]

1. Regina Angelorum (The Queen of Angels)   29

2. Speculum Justiciæ (The Mirror of Justice)   31

3. Sedes Sapientiæ (The Seat of Wisdom)   33

4. Janua Coeli (The Gate of Heaven)    36

5. Mater Creatoris (The Mother of the Creator)   39

6. Mater Christi (The Mother of Christ)   42

7. Mater Salvatoris (The Mother of the Saviour)   45
III. Our Lady's Dolours

1. Regina Martyrum (The Queen of Martyrs)   48

2. Vas Insigne Devotionis (The Most Devout Virgin)   50

3. Vas Honorabile (The Vessel of Honour)   52

4. Vas Spirituale (The Spiritual Vessel)    54

5. Consolatrix Afflictorum (The Consoler of the Afflicted)   56

6. Virgo Prudentissima (The Most Prudent Virgin)   58

7. Turris Eburnea (The Ivory Tower)   60
IV. The Assumption [file 3]

1. Sancta Dei Genitrix (The Holy Mother of God)   62

2. Mater Intemerata (The Sinless Mother)   64

3. Rosa Mystica (The Mystical Rose)   66

4. Turris Davidica (The Tower of David)   68

5. Virgo Potens (The Powerful Virgin)   70

6. Auxilium Christianorum (The Help of Christians)    72

7. Virgo Fidelis (The Most Faithful Virgin)    74

8. Stella Matutina (The Morning Star)    76

Memorandum on the Immaculate Conception    79

Novena of St. Philip [file 4]    89

Litany of St. Philip (English)  117

Litany of St. Philip (Latin)  122

Part II

Meditations on the Stations of the Cross [file 5]  129

Short Meditations on the Stations of the Cross  155

Twelve Meditations and Intercessions for Good Friday,
with Prayers for the Faithful Departed
[file 6]

1. Jesus the Lamb of God  173

2. Jesus the Son of David  176

3. Jesus the Lord of Grace  179

4. Jesus the Author and Finisher of Faith  182

5. Jesus the Lord of Armies  185

6. Jesus the Only Begotten Son  188

7. Jesus the Eternal King  190

8. Jesus the Beginning of the New Creation  193

9. Jesus the Lover of Souls  196

10. Jesus our Guide and Guardian  198

11. Jesus Son of Mary  200

12. Jesus our Daily Sacrifice  203

Prayer for the Faithful Departed  205

Meditations for Eight Days [file 7]  207


   Litany of Penance  227

   Litany of the Passion  230

   Litany of the Seven Dolours  234

   Litany of the Resurrection  238

   Litany of the Immaculate Heart of Mary  241

   Litany of the Holy Name of Mary  244

   Litany of St. Philip (English) [file 8]  247

   Litany of St. Philip (Latin)  252

"Anima Christi" (Translated)  255

The Heart of Mary  257

A Short Service for Rosary Sunday  259

Ave Maris Stella  263

A Triduo to St. Joseph  267

Four Prayers to St. Philip  273

A Short Road to Perfection  283

Prayer for the Light of Truth  287

Prayer for a Happy Death  289

Part III

Meditations on Christian Doctrine [file 9]

A Short Visit to the Blessed Sacrament before Meditation  293
I.Hope in God—Creator  299
II.Hope in God—Redeemer

1. The Mental Sufferings of Our Lord  304

2. Our Lord Refuses Sympathy  309

3. The Bodily Sufferings of Our Lord  321

4. It is Consummated  325
III. God and the Soul:

1. God the Blessedness of the Soul  327

2. Jesus Christ yesterday and today, and the same for ever  329

3. An Act of Love  331
IV. Sin: [file 10]

1. Against Thee only have I sinned  333

2. Against Thee only have I sinned  335

3. The Effects of Sin  337

4. The Evil of Sin  339

5. The Heinousness of Sin  340

6. The Bondage of Sin  342

7. Every Sin has its Punishment  344
V. The Power of the Cross  347
VI. The Resurrection:

1. The Temples of the Holy Ghost  350

2. God Alone  353

3. The Forbearance of Jesus  355
VII. God with Us:

1. The Familiarity of Jesus  358

2. Jesus the Hidden God  361

3. Jesus the Light of the Soul  363
VIII. God All-Sufficient  366
IX.God Alone Unchangeable [file 11]  369
X.God is Love  372
XI.The Sanctity of God  375
XII.The Forty Days' Teaching:

1. The Kingdom of God  378

2. Resignation to God's Will  380

3. Our Lord's Parting with His Apostles  382

4. God's Ways not our Ways  384
XIII. The Ascension:

1. He ascended  387

2. He ascended into Heaven  389

3. Our Advocate above  391

4. Our Advocate above  393
XIV. The Paraclete:

1. The Paraclete, the Life of All Things  396

2. The Paraclete, the Life of the Church  398

3. The Paraclete, the Life of my Soul  400

4. The Paraclete, the Fount of Love  402
XV.The Holy Sacrifice:

1. The Mass  405

2. Holy Communion  407

3. The Food of the Soul  409
XVI. The Sacred Heart [file 12]  412
XVII. The Infinite Perfection of God  414
XVIII. The Infinite Knowledge of God  417
XIX. The Providence of God  420
XX. God is All in All  423
XXI. God the Incommunicable Perfection  426
XXII. God Communicated to Us  429
XXIII. God the Sole Stay for Eternity  432

Conclusion  435

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To you, boys of the Oratory School, past and present, this collection of devotional papers by Cardinal Newman is dedicated. They are a memento both of the Cardinal's constant thought of you, and of his confident assurance that, after his death, you would pray for his soul.

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Prefatory Notice

{vii} The Papers by the late Cardinal Newman contained in this collection were likely, most of them, to have formed part of what he proposed to call a "Year-Book of Devotion" for reading and meditation according to the Seasons and the Feasts of the year. The intention of composing such a book had been in the Cardinal's mind as far back as the early years of his Catholic life, but, though it was never abandoned, various circumstances hindered him from pursuing it, and no portion of this volume was put together with this idea. The book would have varied greatly in the matter of its subjects and in their treatment. For instance, some papers on the Notes of the Church would have formed one subject; of these, excepting some mere preparatory fragments, nothing was written. Again, some sermons would also have formed a part of the readings. A scheme, drawn out by him, of Litanies to run through the whole year shows what he had thought of in that respect, though only the few here printed were put together by him. "The Sayings of the Saints of the Desert" would have been extended over the whole year instead of covering only the few months for which he had prepared them. The "Meditations for Eight Days" were intended to be carried through {viii} at least five weeks, and a scheme of them was drawn out for that purpose. The "Dream of Gerontius," if not written expressly for the volume, was to have been added as a November reading, and "Gerontius" was likely not to have stood alone as a poem. Indeed, the book would have become a repository of the Cardinal's thoughts on the various devotional subjects which occupied his mind.

But there are not the materials for such a book. All, then, that has been possible towards carrying out the Cardinal's intention has been to put together such papers as, from what was said by the Cardinal, are considered as likely to have come within the compass of the contemplated volume. It is hoped that this will gratify many of the late Cardinal's friends, some of whom have expressed a strong desire to have some examples of his devotions, or to know the devotions which most attracted him, and which they might make their own. The Meditations on Christian Doctrine would probably have been more numerous, but that the Cardinal destroyed many such writings of his upon the death of his great friend Father St. John, to whose discretion he had intended to commit them. There are here included, therefore, it is believed, nearly all of the Cardinal's devotional papers which are likely to be forthcoming.

That the papers can be presented at all, especially the majority of the Meditations, is owing, it is believed, to the circumstances which accompanied their origin. It was the Cardinal's custom to note down, in the roughest way, any thought that particularly struck him while meditating, that he might reflect upon it during the day or pursue it in the future; {ix} and thus he was led on to enlarge such thoughts, and write out the notes and rewrite them carefully (for he always, he said, could meditate best with a pen in his hand). It is chiefly to this custom of the Cardinal's, of keeping the current of holy thoughts within his easy reach, that we owe, it is believed, the preservation of the greater part of this volume.

The headings of the different subjects, and their parts and chapters, have all, with one or two exceptions, been carefully written by their author, but their order evidently had not always been fully determined. It is to Father Ryder and to Father Eaglesim that this volume is especially indebted: to the former for some important suggestions and curtailments, for the sake of greater clearness; and to the latter for the present order and the supply of the few headings wanted, as well as in other respects.

There were a few friends whose names Cardinal Newman desired to have associated in some way with his own, on account of the special nature of their services to him—services dating, in some cases, from his first years as a Catholic; and now that most of these friends have been removed by death, this book seems to be an especially appropriate place for the purpose. Such was Cardinal Alimonda, late Archbishop of Turin, for services in a time of most serious trouble, very many years ago—services which had been carried on so quietly that the name even of this good friend was unknown to our Cardinal until their elevation at one and the same time to the Sacred College, when an intimacy at once sprang up, and all opportunities were taken by each for maintaining it. Such was Cardinal Place, Archbishop of {x} Rennes, recently deceased, for a number of kindnesses shown to himself, but especially for his many years of care and attention to an ancient friend of the Cardinal's family, Miss Maria Rosina de Giberne, afterwards Sister Maria Pia of the Visitation at Autun, in France—a lady now deceased, who, besides many lesser good offices to the Cardinal, had, when he was in a most extraordinary difficulty arising from a legal trial, rendered him a service which was as signal as it was unique. Three others there are—Cardinal Macchi, with whom a first acquaintance placed him, almost at once, on a footing of fraternal intimacy; Cardinal Capecelatro, the present Archbishop of Capua; and Monsignor Stonor, Archbishop of Trebizond. Cardinal Capecelatro, a member of the Oratory at Naples, had from his early life been unremitting in his kindness to our Cardinal, though in this case also they were personally unacquainted until they met in Rome in 1879, when both were there for promotion to honour. The services of Cardinal Capecelatro were such that though our Cardinal could not, from modesty, make mention of them, yet he found an opportunity for acknowledging his sense of them, by dictating from his death-bed a few words of dedication to his Eminence for a small volume which in course of time will be published—the delay of which publication suggests the mention of his Eminence's name here. Cardinal Newman's own words of Archbishop Stonor, the last time of speaking of him, will best convey the tribute of gratitude which the Cardinal, with much warmth and earnestness paid him. "All these years that I have been Cardinal," he said, "Monsignor Stonor has been a {xi} friend indeed, for he has let me make use of him whensoever and for whatsoever I have chosen, and I don't know what I should have done without him." One name more there is to mention—and it belongs to America, where though our Cardinal had so many friends, one was pre-eminently such—that of Bishop James O'Connor, Bishop of Omaha, whose unaffected kindness was most grateful to our Cardinal, lasting as it did through all but the whole of his Catholic lifetime. For Bishop James O'Connor the Cardinal had a great affection, remembering always, with something of gratitude, the modesty and simplicity with which, as a youth, the future Bishop attached himself to him and to Father St. John when the three were at Propaganda together, thus forming a friendship which distance and years did not lessen, and which later on was enlivened by personal intercourse when the visits ad limina Apostolorum brought Bishop O'Connor through England.

This list of names drawn together from countries so wide apart suggests that this book must not be regarded as though only for the service of a few friends. It is hoped that the character of the book itself will secure for it a still wider circulation


Easter, 1893.

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