From the Clergy of Lancashire

July 22, 1879.
It is now fifteen years since the clergy of Lancashire had the honour to address you. It was then to thank you for your triumphant defence of the Catholic priesthood; for in repelling a {142} wanton attack made upon yourself you had fully vindicated the character of the whole body of the clergy. Since that time each successive year has added to the services you have rendered to the Church in England, and our gratitude to you has grown in proportion. We are well aware how averse you have ever been to outward display, but we could not but wish that those services should be acknowledged in some fitting manner. And when at length it was rumoured that the Vicar of Christ had named you for the Cardinalate, we felt that the honour had been well earned, and that our long cherished hope was being realised in the happiest form.

To a Catholic and a priest honour bestowed by the Holy Father is honour indeed; and when that dignity is the highest in his gift, and conferred upon you with every mark of delicate consideration, your friends could hardly wish for you anything greater in this life. That England, in spite of its manifold divergences in religious opinion, should be united with its children of the Old Faith, and with the whole Catholic world, in a common joy that this mark of distinction should have been conferred upon your Eminence, must needs deepen our satisfaction, as no doubt it increases yours. We can only wish for your Eminence many years of life to instruct, to charm, and to edify, with added lustre {143} and undiminished power, your fellow Catholics and fellow-countrymen.

Signed in behalf of our General Meeting, held at Preston on the 22nd of July, 1879.

Canon of Liverpool, President.

To the Clergy of Lancashire

(This Reply is taken from the rough copy.)

It is one of the highest favours which Divine Providence can bestow upon a priest, for him to have gained the good opinion and the sympathy of his brethren. This is the thought which took possession of me, and I trust without any fault, on reading the Address, so simple, yet so strong, which you have sent me from the clergy of Lancashire.

I had not forgotten, I assure you, their generous act in 1864, when they honoured me with a like distinction; and that I should have received it twice from such a body of men is a marvel of which I may well be proud to the end of my life.

I trust, as I have said, it is not wrong thus to feel and speak. There was One, who for all her unapproachable {144} sanctity and her transcendent humbleness of mind, could in her "Magnificat" rejoice in the prospect of all generations calling her blessed; and how then can it be wrong if I, on my own low level, but in her spirit, include in my supreme thankfulness, due to the Giver of all good, an exulting sense of the paternal tenderness towards me of the Sovereign Pontiff, and of the warmth of the response which your friends have made to his act in your Address of Congratulation to me.

Relying on them and on you, my dear Canon Walker, who have so long shown me such kindness, to supply for me whatever is wanting in this letter in the expression of my thanks to you all,
I am,
Your faithful and affectionate servant,

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From the C. U. I. Bono Club of the Irish Catholic University

(Presented Wednesday, July 23, 1879.)

At a time when you are receiving the congratulations of Catholics {145} from all parts of the world on your elevation to the dignity of Cardinal, we trust that you will not think it presumption in us to express the joy and pride with which we have heard of that elevation. The club on whose behalf we address you is formed mainly of ex-students of the Catholic University of Ireland over which you once presided, and it was founded with the object of discussing and taking action upon questions bearing on the welfare of that University. In the humble efforts which from time to time we have made for the advancement of the University education of Irish Catholics, we have found in your writings a never-failing counsel and guidance, and we therefore feel that we may with especial fitness avail ourselves of this opportunity to tender to you the expression of our gratitude, respect, and veneration.

As students of the Catholic University of Ireland, we can never forget that the "Lectures on the Scope and Nature of University Education" were delivered in our halls, and by our Rector. When you came to Ireland to undertake the Rectorship of the newly founded Catholic University, the Catholics of this country, owing to their having been for three centuries excluded from all share in the advantages of higher education, had no traditions to guide them in forming a correct estimate of what a University {146} ought to be. Your great work, which we may justly call our Charter, has supplied the place of those traditions, and, thanks to it, the Irish people have now realised what a true University should be, and what inestimable benefits a National Catholic University could confer upon Ireland.

It is not as Irishmen only, but also as Catholics, that we owe you gratitude for your teaching in our University. You have shown that education is a field in which both clergy and laity can work together, harmoniously and without jealousy, for a common object, and in which both have duties, and both have rights, and in establishing this, you, as it appears to us, have rendered valuable assistance to the Catholic Church in her great struggle for freedom of education throughout the world.

In one of the noblest passages in English literature you have proclaimed your sympathy with our country's past and your hope in the promise of her future. Seeking a fitting site for a University, you say of our country: "I look towards a land both old and young; old in its Christianity, young in the promise of its future; a nation which received grace before the Saxon came to Britain, and which has never quenched it; a Church which comprehends in its history the rise and fall of Canterbury and York, which Augustine and Paulinus found, and {147} Pole and Fisher left behind them. I contemplate a people which has had a long night and which will have an inevitable day." And you proceed to prophesy for our University a glorious destiny to be attained in the future, "when its first founders and servants are dead and gone". It is our earnest hope that you, the most illustrious of our founders, may yet live to see your prophecy at least in part fulfilled.

It was during your Rectorship that the Chair of Irish History and Archæology was founded in our University, and that a Professor of those subjects was first appointed in Ireland; and to your encouragement and practical sympathy, as warmly testified by Professor O'Curry, was due the preparation by him of those lectures on Irish History and Antiquities which are among the most honourable records of what the University has already done.

We venture to ask your acceptance of the National Manuscripts of Ireland, a work edited by a distinguished Irish scholar, in the hope that it may serve to remind you of the efforts which you made to foster Irish studies in our University, and that it may thus be to you a pleasing memento of your labours in an institution in which your name will ever be mentioned with veneration and love.

In conclusion, we beg to tender to you our respectful congratulations upon the {148} exalted dignity to which it has pleased the Holy Father to raise you, and to express our earnest hope that you may long be spared to serve the Church of which you are so illustrious an ornament.

George Sigerson, Joseph E. Kenny, Gerald Griffin, P. J. O'Connor, Michael Boyd, George Fottrell, jun., Charles Dawson, John Dillon.

Hon. Secs.:—

H. J. Gill, William Dillon.

To the Committee of the C. U. I. Bono Club

July 23, 1879.
In thanking you for the Address of Congratulation which you have done me the honour to present me, I am led especially to express to you the pleasurable wonder I have felt on reviewing its separate portions, as they succeed one another, and on collecting my thoughts upon them; at the minute and most friendly diligence with which you have brought together and arranged before me whatever could be turned to my praise during the years in which I filled the distinguished and important post of Rector of your Catholic University.

I know well, or, if this is presumptuous to say, I sincerely believe, that a desire to serve Ireland was the ruling {149} motive of my writings and doings while I was with you. How could I have any other? What right-minded Englishman can think of this country's conduct towards you in times past without indignation, shame, and remorse? How can any such man but earnestly desire, should his duty take him to Ireland, to be able to offer to her some small service in expiation of the crimes which his own people have in former times committed there? This wish, I believe, ruled me; but that in fact I had done any great thing during my seven years there, has never come home to me, nor have I had by me any tale of efforts made or of successes gained in your behalf, such as I might produce, supposing I was asked how I had spent my time, and what I had done, while Rector of the University.

I cannot, then, deny, that, diffident as I have ever been, in retrospect of any outcome of my work in Ireland, it has been a great satisfaction to me and a great consolation to find from you and others that I have a right to think that those years were not wasted, and that the Sovereign Pontiff did not send me to Ireland for nothing. {150}

There is another thought which your Address suggests to me, namely, that, as looking back to the years when I was in Ireland, I have, as it would seem, good hope after all that I had my share of success there, so now we must none of us be discouraged if during the twenty years which have elapsed since, we have had so many difficulties and a success not commensurate with them. The greater is a work, the longer it takes to accomplish it. Tantæ molis erat Roinanam condere gentem. You indeed, gentlemen, are not the persons to be accused of want of courage; but zealous men, though not discouraged, may be disappointed. Let us all then recollect that our cause is sure to succeed eventually, because it is manifestly just; and next, because it has the blessing on it of the Holy See. We must be contented with small successes when we cannot secure great ones, and we shall gain our object surely, if we resign ourselves to a progress which is gradual.


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Cardinal Newman preached at the Church of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, Edgbaston, yesterday morning, August 3. In the afternoon his Eminence received a deputation from forty-six branches of the Roman Catholic Young Men's Societies.

The deputation consisted of Mr. Fitzpatrick (President), Mr. T. Breen (Vice-President), and Mr. A. Quin (Hon. Secretary of the Central Council, Liverpool); Mr. Delany (President), Mr. T. Newey, jun. (Secretary), and Mr. J. Loughton, of the St. Michael's Branch, Birmingham; Messrs. Gretton, Ford, Maley. A. Trafford, Dewsbury, and Russell, of St. Peter's Branch, Birmingham; the Rev. J. Hughes, Messrs. T. W. T. Bull and P. Tierney, of St. Catherine's Branch, Birmingham; and delegates from Birkenhead, Cardiff, Chester, Cleator Moor, Coventry, Dumbarton, Dumfries, Dundee, Edinburgh, Garston, Gourock, Greenock, Hindley, Ince, Johnstone, Kilmarnock, Liscard, Liverpool (nine societies), London, Newton-le-Willows, Northampton, Ormskirk, Sheffield, Shrewsbury, Stockport, Wakefield, West Derby, Whitehaven, Wigan and Woolton,

The deputation were bearers of an illuminated Address, splendidly executed by Mr. J. O. Marples, of Liverpool.

These societies were first established in Limerick about the year 1848, by the Very Rev. Dr. O'Brien of that city, who conceived the design of establishing one vast organisation, embracing a multitude of branches, by which all might be bound in one brotherhood of feeling and affection, and might by mutual encouragement be supported and fortified against the snares and temptations to which men, and especially young men, are every day {152} exposed. This, then, was the plan which he carried out. "Brothers" were enrolled, meeting-rooms procured, innocent recreation and enjoyment promoted, and rules for the guidance and good conduct of the members laid down. The project worked admirably; and in the course of time Dr. O'Brien found himself founding new branches in different parts of Great Britain, one of the first established in England being St. Mary's, of Liverpool. This was inaugurated in 1853, and the Papal Indult, attaching certain privileges to the society, was read at the inauguration ceremony. The idea of making a presentation to his Eminence originated from the Central Council, and on being communicated to the Very Rev. founder was warmly commended by him. It was taken up with enthusiasm by the different branches, and it was carried out with activity and energy. Delegates from the various branches in Liverpool were deputed to make the presentation, and on Sunday the 11 o'clock train conveyed about thirty "Young Men" to Birmingham. There delegates from other towns met them, and together with the representatives from Birmingham and the neighbourhood, numbering about 100, they went to the Oratory Church. Here Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament was given by the Cardinal, and at the conclusion of the service they were taken into the reception-room. The deputation was introduced by the Rev. J. Sherlock (Chaplain of St. Michael's Branch, Birmingham), who said: My Lord Cardinal, in presenting to your Eminence the representatives present of forty-six branches of the Young Men's Societies of Great Britain, to offer you their congratulations by the presentation of a united Address, I beg leave to express my own gratification that I find myself at the head of this deputation. Just {153} thirty years ago—in September, 1849—in your charity, sacrificing the comforts of home, and even at the risk of life, you and your zealous Fathers came to assist me at Bilston when I was struck down by illness through excessive work in the cholera epidemic; and now, during the twenty-six years I have lived in Birmingham, I have experienced a constant series of similar favours at the hands of your Eminence and the Fathers of the Oratory. Under these circumstances it is easily seen that my gratification in joining in this demonstration is not merely to offer my congratulation at the sacred distinction won and received by your Eminence towards the close of a long and brilliant career, but that it is also an opportunity of publicly expressing my own lasting gratitude for so many favours.

His Eminence, turning to Father Sherlock, shook hands with him and said: I wish I had one-fourth of the merits you have won for yourself. It would be hard indeed if one did not in his own little way try to serve such a laborious and hard-working priest as you are. God bless you.

The President, Mr. Michael Fitzpatrick, then read the Address.

To his Eminence John Henry Cardinal Newman

On behalf of the Young Men's Societies of Great Britain, we most respectfully offer our congratulations on your entry into the Sacred College of Cardinals, and express our joy at the honour his Holiness has conferred on the English Church in selecting you for the {154} exalted dignity. Amidst higher duties and intellectual work, your Eminence has always shown a deep interest in the labouring class, and has ever had a kind word for the working man. We do not forget that your most brilliant lectures were delivered to working men in the Hall of the Brothers of the Little Oratory: your words have spread and have helped to lighten our toil, to instruct our minds, and to strengthen our Catholic faith and principles. Filled with gratitude for your interest in us, with esteem for your illustrious labours, and with veneration for your personal character, we welcome with delight the dignity you have received, and we pray that God may long spare you to defend and adorn the Church. Begging your Eminence's blessing, we subscribe ourselves on behalf of our respective societies,
THOMAS BREEN, Vice-President.
AUGUSTINE QUINN, Hon. Sec., Central Council.

Feast of St. Augustine, Apostle of England 1879.

To the Young Men's Societies of Great Britain

Sunday, August 3, 1879.
You must have anticipated, I am sure, Gentlemen, before I say it, what gratification I feel at the Address {155} which you have now presented to me on occasion of my elevation, by the condescending act of the Sovereign Pontiff, to the Sacred College of Cardinals.

It has gratified me in many ways. I feel it is a great honour to be thus singled out for special notice by a body so widely extended, and so important in its objects, so interesting to every Catholic mind, as your Society.

Next, your Address has come to me in a shape which enhances the compliment you pay me, and was sure to be most acceptable to me. Not only is the copy which you have put into my hands most beautifully illuminated, but the illuminations are made the memorials of various passages in my life past, which seem to suggest to me the careful interest and the sympathy, and, I may say, the tenderness, with which you yourselves have dwelt upon them.

And then this Address comes to me from so many. It is as strange to me as it is pleasant, to find at the Holy Father's word, and, as it were, at his signal, a host of friends starting up and gathering and thronging round about me from so many great towns, north and south, in this broad {156} land: whereas up to this time, widely known and highly accounted as has been your Society, for myself I never realised that there was any personal tie between you and me, or had that conscious fellowship with you which is so great a help where hearts beat in unison as being associates and companions in a great and noble cause.

Still further, you add to the gratification which I feel on other accounts by telling me that one of my books has been of use to you in your zealous efforts to defend and propagate Catholic Truth, and that, though I have not known you, you, on the other hand, have known me.

And more than this, in speaking of those lectures of mine you do not forget to notice that they come from the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, in whose house you are now assembled. I am glad to recognise with you the similarity of aims which exists in the work of our glorious Saint who lived three centuries ago in Italy, and that of the excellent Priest, who has been in this country and in these islands the founder of the Young Men's Society. And I cannot help feeling some satisfaction in observing in your Address, and, as it were, in the aspect {157} of your Society, certain coincidences, in themselves indeed trivial and what may be called matters of sentiment, yet to me happy accidents, as a sort of token of some subtle sympathy connecting you and the Oratory. Such, for instance, is the date which you have affixed to your address, "the Feast of St. Augustine, Apostle of England," May 26; now are you aware that May 26 is also our feast day, "the Feast of St. Philip, Apostle of Rome"? Again, I see that the anniversary of your foundation is set down as May 12; but this is a great day with St. Philip and his Roman house, as being the festival of the Oratory Saints, SS. Nereus and Achilleus, whose Church was the Titular of the celebrated Oratorian, Cardinal Baronius, the ecclesiastical historian, and one of the earliest disciples of St. Philip.

Short as your Address is, you see, it contains in its compass what has required from me many words to answer duly. Moreover, you have given me much more than an Address by coming with it yourselves, and letting us meet face to face. I have to thank you, then, for a visit as well as a beautifully embellished letter. For {158} all this kindness I thank you from my heart again and again.


After this Reply, the Deputies were introduced to the Cardinal and then returned to St. Michael's for the evening.

At St. Michael's discussions took place on matters of interest to the Societies, and a hope was strongly expressed that the gathering of members that day might be the beginning, or rather a renewal, of similar meetings. A letter, too, was read by Mr. M. Fitzpatrick from their venerable Founder, expressing his gratification at their object in coming to Birmingham. Then, speaking of the early days of the Societies, the letter continued thus: "And let me remark that at a moment of helpless exhaustion in the year 1854 there came to me, then at Manchester, words of kindness and encouragement, all unexpected and undeserved, and those words gave new life to the mission for founding the Young Men's Societies in Great Britain. Need I say the words bore the signature, J. H. Newman."

The following names were also appended to the Address:—
Birkenhead (St. Laurence's).—Andrew Nooney, President; John Hamlin, Vice-President; William Byrne, Secretary. Blackburn (St. Mary's).—William Worden, President; Rev. H. Hu. Schuergers, Vice-President; John McQuaid, Secretary. Birmingham (St. Catherine's).—Rev. James Hughes, President; T. W. T. Bull, Vice-President; P. Tierney, Secretary. Birmingham (St. Michael's).—Bernard Delany, President; John Loughton, Vice-President; Thomas Newey, Secretary. Birmingham (St. Peter's).—Joseph Brittain, President; James Ford, Vice-President; John Maley, Secretary. Cardiff (St. Peter's).—P. W. Gaffney, President; Thomas Collins, Vice-President; Eugene McCarthy, Secretary. Chester (St. Francis').—John A. Hanley, President; John V. Gahan, Vice-President; Thomas Rafferty, Secretary. {159} Cleator Moor (St. Bega's).—Patrick Dunn, President; Peter Jolly, Vice-President; John Kavanagh, Secretary. Coventry (St. Osburg's).—James J. Sanders, President; Philip Cox, Vice-President; John A. Kearns, Secretary. Dumbarton (St. Patrick's).—Rev. Charles Brown, President; Daniel McBride, Vice-President; Peter Logue, Secretary. Dumfries and Maxwelton (St. Joseph's).—James Carmont, President; P. Hanlon, Vice-President; Thomas King, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Anthony's).—Peter Rothwell, President; D. Grattan, Vice-President; John Birchall, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Augustine's).—William Payne, President; John Keating, Vice-President; John Shea, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Mary's).—Michael Fitzpatrick, President; Francis Barker, Vice-President; Robert Morton, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Nicholas').—J. McLaughlin, President; James Cummings, Vice-President; Henry M. Latham, Secretary. Liverpool (Our Lady of Reconciliation).—D. Finnemore, President; P. Hennessy, Vice-President; James Wade, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Patrick's).—Peter A. Traynor, President; John Henry, Vice-President; Joseph Traynor, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Sylvester's).—John S. Clarke, President; James Doyle, Vice-President; James Daly, Secretary. Dundee (St. Patrick's).—E. McGovern, President; P. McDaniel, Vice-President; P. Magee, Secretary. Edinburgh (St. Patrick's).—John Adair, President; Francis A. McIver and James Sorden, Vice-Presidents; Daniel Donworth, Secretary. Garston (St. Austin's).—Nicholas J. Walsh, President; James Hurst, Vice-President; Patrick Mulholland, Secretary. Gourock.—James Hargan, President; Patrick M. Loughlin, Vice-President; Neil Doherty, Secretary. Great Crosby—Very Rev. Canon Wallwork, President; G. Crank, Vice-President; James Mackarell, Secretary. Greenock (St. Laurence's).—Charles Sharp, President; Bernard Duffy, Vice-President; Rev. Alexander Bisset, Secretary. Greenock (St. Mary's).—Rev. Alexander Taylor, President; Benjamin Donnolly, Vice-President; John Murphy, Secretary. Hindley (St. Benedict's).—Michael J. Ryan, President; Peter Hilton, Vice-Preaident; Jesse Parkinson, Secretary. Ince (St. William's).—John Holland, President; Francis McAllevey, Vice-President; Daniel Cassidy, Secretary. Johnstone (St. Margaret's).—James McGrath, President; W. McGranaghan, Vice-President; Thomas Daly, Secretary. Kilmarnock (St. Joseph's).—James McMurray, President; William Callachan, Vice-President; Edward McGarvy, Secretary. Liscard (St. Albans').—John Murphy, President; John O'Connor, Vice-President; Thomas Monaghan, Secretary. Liverpool (St. Albans').—Philip Smith, President; {160} Charles Byrne, Vice-President; Francis Manning, Secretary. Liverpool (All Souls').—John Gould, President; Bryan Shannon, Vice-President; Patrick Kelly, Secretary. London (The English Martyrs, Tower Hill).—Stuart Knill, President; William Roadhouse, Vice-President; B. Forde, Secretary. Newton-le-Willows (St. Mary's).—John Unsworth, President; Thomas Kenny, Vice-President; Bernard Dolan, Secretary. Northampton (Our Lady Immaculate).—George Robbins, President; Bartholomew Finn, Vice-President; Charles Stokes, Secretary. Ormskirk (St. Anne's).—Patrick Melia, President; Henry Connolly, Vice-President; James Kelly, Secretary. Sheffield (St. Vincent's).—John Allen, President; Daniel O'Neil, Vice-President; John J. Hourigan, Secretary. Shrewsbury (Our Lady of Help and St. Peter of Alcantara's).—William Smart, President; William Measey, Vice-President; William L. Booth, Secretary. Stockport (St. Joseph's).—Rev. James Robinson, President; Edward North, Vice-President; Patrick Scott, Secretary. Wakefield (St. Austin's).—John Clinton, President; Sylvester Welch, Vice-President; Peter Devine, Secretary. West Derby (St. Oswald's, Old Swan).—Joseph W. Brown, President; Joseph McGrath, Vice-President; Michael Fogarty, Secretary. Whitehaven (St. Bega's).—James Rooney, President; Thomas Kearney, Vice-President; Thomas Ryan, Secretary. Wigan (St. Joseph's).—Patrick Dolan, President; Joseph Ballard, Vice-President; Patrick Cawley, Secretary. Wigan (St. Mary's).—John Hargreaves, President; Dennis McCurdy, Vice-President; John Pilling, Secretary. Wigan (St. Patrick's).—Martin Maloney, President; William Tickle, Vice-President; William Paisley, Secretary. Woolton (St. Mary's).—Henry Rycroft, President; Michael Shanley, Vice-President; Patrick Hannon, Secretary.

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From the Members of the Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross

On Saturday afternoon, August 9, a deputation, representing the Roman Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross, waited upon Cardinal Newman, at the Oratory, Edgbaston. The deputation, consisting of Mr. J. J. Fitzpatrick and Councillor McArdle, of Liverpool, and some others, were bearers of {161} an illuminated Address to the Cardinal, which was read and presented by Mr. J. J. Fitzpatrick.

The Address

We, the Members of the Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross, beg to tender you our sincerest congratulations upon the occasion of your elevation by our Holy Father Leo XIII. to the high dignity of a Prince of the Church.

It is with diffidence that we presume to address your Eminence, but we wish to embrace this opportunity to give expression to the affection and veneration with which we regard you.

We rejoice to know that one who has shed such lustre upon the sacred office of the priesthood, and who has laboured so zealously and unostentatiously to spread the light of our holy religion throughout the land should receive the high distinction of being raised to that exalted position of which you have proved yourself so worthy.

We look upon you as a distinguished champion of the faith, and we earnestly pray that you may long be spared to fulfil the important duties of your new dignity.

We ask your Eminence's blessing for ourselves and our association.

Signed on behalf of the members of the Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross, Liverpool, June 6, 1879,
J. J. FITZPATRICK, Hon. Sec. {162}

To the Members of the Catholic Total Abstinence League of the Cross

I wish I could make you a fit reply to your Address, which is so very kind to me. Your own consideration in not coming to me in greater numbers, of course, has deprived me of a great pleasure, but at the same time I do not deny that it was needed for me. I am not so strong as I ought to be. If I were I could hope to express in better terms than I shall be able to do my feelings for so very kind and so great a compliment; for a great compliment it is. I look upon you as a remarkable body—in its spirit almost a Religious body—for you have upon you a certain Religious character from the special obligation under which the members of your association lie. We all know in its beginning what a great blessing attended your Founder, Father Mathew, as we believe, from above; and how great a name and reputation, considered only in a secular point of view, attaches to your Society. It began with the sanction of Holy Church, in consequence of the extraordinary zeal of one who was without any powers of this world to aid him making his way by the earnestness of {163} his purpose and the force of truth. We know what great results followed from his exertions, and as it was at the beginning so it has gone on. Your League in Liverpool has attracted the reverence even of those who are not Catholics from the charitable purpose in which it originated, and from the number of its members who, in a spirit of self-sacrifice, have joined it in order to encourage others who required a restraint which was not needed for themselves. Besides that, it is so singularly contrasted with the secular schemes and institutions with the same object which are external to the Church. Moreover, it is specially recommended to myself from the circumstance of the excellent priest who is, I believe, at the head of your association in Liverpool. I saw much of him years ago, and I know what a devoted servant of God he is, and how he has laid himself out for great works and has done great things. At the time I knew him he was employed in Hope Street in such good works towards young men as characterise our own Oratory, and he was kind enough to receive me and to pay me the great compliment of asking me to deliver certain {163} lectures in his Institute. Since that time I have not been in the way of seeing or hearing much of him; but I know, as I have already said, how zealously he has worked all along. He is one of those priests—one of those many priests—whom one looks up to with great admiration, and I hope you will carry back my thanks, not only to your whole body, but especially to him, for the great honour which he has done me on this occasion. I do not know what more I have to say; I wish I could say more to show you the heartfelt satisfaction and gratification I feel at this Address, and, not in the least measure, for the trouble which you yourselves, gentlemen, have taken in bringing it to me in person.

The deputation afterwards dined with the Cardinal.

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Address from the Catholics belonging to the Oratory Mission

On Sunday afternoon, August 10, some 200 members of the congregation of the Church of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, Edgbaston, presented Cardinal Newman with an Address of Congratulation on his elevation to the Cardinalate. His Eminence, who was accompanied by the Fathers of the Oratory, received {165} the members of his flock in the school dining-room. The Address, which was signed by between 1100 and 1200 persons, was very beautifully illuminated, and the title page bore an exceedingly chaste mediæval design, composed of the hats and mottoes of the seven members of the Oratory who have been made Cardinals, and St. Philip Neri in the centre.

Whilst the announcement of the intention of the Sovereign Pontiff to confer upon you the high dignity of the Cardinalate has caused universal rejoicing, and addresses of congratulations are being presented to you from all parts, we, the members of the congregation of the Church of the Oratory, who have had the especial privilege of living near you, and of seeing and hearing you almost daily, feel that we should not remain silent.

Not that we fear you would doubt our sharing in the general joy, but that we wish to take advantage of so fitting a time to express in this formal manner our respectful and grateful affection towards yourself as the "Father of the Oratory".

Leaving others to speak of your valiant championship of the Faith, your labours for Christian Education, your writings in poetry and prose, we come to you simply as spiritual children of Saint Philip to his representative, with our offerings of heartfelt congratulation, that (despite your sensitive shrinking from praise or distinction) {166} the Holy Father has thus graciously crowned your long fight for truth with additional honour.

Praying God to grant that we may listen to your voice yet many years,
Your devoted children of the Oratorian Church, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
Easter, A.D. 1879.

The Address was in course of signature before the Cardinal went to Rome.

To the Catholics belonging to the Oratory Mission

August 10, 1879.
You are quite right, my dear children, in saying that no words of yours were necessary to make me quite sure of the affectionate satisfaction you have felt from the first, from last Lent, on hearing of the great honour which the Holy Father has condescended to confer upon me. Yet, in spite of being certain of this, it is very pleasant to me to hear this declared in my ears and before my face in the warm language of the Address of Congratulation which you have now presented to me. There is only one drawback to my gratification, and that is my consciousness that I am not quite deserving of that full praise which your {167} kind hearts are so ready to give me. Such praise from his people is the best earthly reward which a parish priest can receive, and as far as I have a claim to it I gladly and thankfully accept it from you. But a good part of it is far more due to others than to me, as I know well, and ever bear in mind. Not as if I thought for a moment that you any more than I forgot to honour with your truest regard and observance in your most affectionate memory those good fathers, the living and the dead, who during my time here have acted for and instead of me towards you, in bearing "the burden of the day and the heats," in tending the sick, ministering to the poor, teaching the children, and serving all classes in our mission; but I feel, though you have never given to them less than their due, that you give me, on the other hand, more than mine; and that though they do not lose, still I have been a great gainer by that reflection of their light, by that abundance of their good works which was not mine at all. However, it is so pleasant to me to receive your acknowledgments that I shall not make any great effort to disclaim them. This for past years. As to the time {168} to come, though I cannot know how much of life and strength remains in me, I am glad to say that, be it more or less, the Holy Father, in his loving consideration for you and for me, expressed to me in my first audience his wish that I should not separate myself from my old duties and responsibilities here in consequence of my promotion to the Sacred College, and thus it is a great consolation to me to know, as far as we can know the future, that I shall be here just as I was to the end, and shall die as I have lived—the Father of the Oratory and the priest and pastor of the Oratory Mission. May God bless us and guide us, defend and protect all of us, now and henceforth unto the end.

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Yesterday, August 15, the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, five Addresses were presented to Cardinal Newman congratulating him on his elevation to the Sacred College. The presentations were made in the School Refectory of the Oratory, where, amongst the persons present, most of whom had come to Birmingham for the purpose, were:— {169}

The Duke of Norfolk, the Marquis of Ripon, Lord O'Hagan, Captain Lord Walter Kerr, Sir Rowland Blennerhasset, Sir Charles Clifford, General Patterson, Major Gape, Monsignor Clarke (Clifton), Canons Chapman (Birkenhead), Tasker, McKenna, Johnson (Nottingham), Longman; Messrs. Basil Fitzherbert, Allies, W. S. Lilly, E. Lucas, Mr. Casworth (Mayor of Louth), A. Feeney, Clifford, etc., etc.

The first of the Addresses was read and presented by the Duke of Norfolk.


From the Catholics of England, Ireland, and Scotland

We, the Catholics of England, Ireland, and Scotland, who may claim also to represent those of the whole British Empire, unite in offering to you this tribute of our affection and our respect upon your elevation to the rank of Cardinal by the voice of our common Father, Leo XIII. We salute you as henceforth a chosen Counsellor of our Mother, the Holy Roman Church. Bear with us if we attempt to enumerate some special reasons in the past course of your life for which the Holy Father may have thought fit to set upon it this seal of his approval.

In the first portion of your life, reaching to full middle age, we find you the chief thinker and the great writer of a movement in the bosom of the Anglican Church which has led to momentous results. In a series of sermons, tracts, and {170} controversial works, you did all that genius armed with learning and dialectic skill could do, to defend the religious community in which you had been nurtured. Compelled by the inward progress of conviction to surrender that defence, you had attained at the moment of your conversion to the Catholic faith a position as a Preacher, a Writer, and a Controversialist, and you wielded a personal influence over the minds of men, such as, in the opinion of your countrymen, had never been reached by any minister of any rank in the Established Church during the three centuries of its existence. The effect of twelve years of unexampled work as its defender, terminated by your conversion, was to impress upon thinking minds, even though they did not follow you in your submission to the Catholic Church, the conviction that the system which you had left could never again be defended upon the principle of authority. It was a great example, the force of which all felt could never be exceeded. It needed the united gifts of nature and grace, matured in a life of piety, to bridge the chasm of ignorance, of calumny, and of antipathy, which then divided Englishmen from the Church, and in you the work was done by the Providence of God.

A generation has now passed since that event without diminishing its effect. To the large number of writings produced {171} before your conversion you have added proofs of incomparable ability in defence of the position of Catholics in this country and in the world, in removal of difficulties impeding submission to the Church, in illustration of the Idea and Work of a Catholic university, in exhibiting the true development of Christian doctrine as contrasted with its corruption, in maintaining the foundation of certitude and setting forth true principles of philosophy, in historical treatises showing a vast power of philosophical induction, in sermons, and in many other writings. Even the poet's glory is not wanting, for in a single drama you have expressed the condition of departed spirits, in language which unites the depths of Catholic tenderness with the severest accuracy of doctrine, upon a subject singularly darkened by misapprehensions in the minds of our countrymen.

Thus it has happened that, after being invested by the Holy Father, Pius IX. of glorious memory, with the charge of introducing into our country the rule and institute of St. Philip, when at the call of the same Holy Pontiff you had given seven years to found the great work of a Catholic university in a land renowned of old for the thirst of its children after knowledge, the piety of its teachers and the science of its saints, while withdrawn again from public gaze in the interior life of a religious house, from {172} the bosom of which you directed a practical example of the higher education, your influence has been felt over the whole mind of clergy and laity. And further, though we may not penetrate the veil which covers the secret recesses of conscience, we cannot be ignorant that during this whole generation those who have been perplexed in their efforts to escape from the meshes of heresy and schism have largely recurred to you for the solution of their difficulties. It may never be disclosed to the world to how many minds, whether by word of mouth or by correspondence, you have been a guide and support, enabling them to reach the haven of safety. The favourite charges of ignorance and deception fell to the ground before one whose career had shown a choice proof of human knowledge, and a choice example of self-sacrifice. You have indeed lain hid so far as you could, but you have been counted upon by all as a force in reserve upon which in any moment of danger they could draw for the most temperate and therefore the ablest defence of the Catholic cause.

That cause embraces two chief regions, that of Christian doctrine and practice properly so called, and that of Christian life in its relation to the natural duties of the citizen. To illustrate the first you have called in the power of a Theologian, Philosopher, Historian, Preacher, and {173} Poet, throwing over your work in every domain the light of genius, to glorify that Sacred Mother of all living into whose bosom in the maturity of human judgment you had fled for refuge. It has been your prime effort to communicate to others the blessing you had received yourself, leading them to acknowledge the maternity of the Church of God by the greatest deference, the most gentle submission, a spontaneous tenderness of loyalty to the spiritual authority in your own conduct, which has been the mark of your life, and by virtue of which intellect has found its fullest force in humility.

With regard to the position of Catholics as members of the great spiritual kingdom in reference to the temporal State in which they may be cast, it is fresh in our remembrance that when the decree of the Vatican Council defining the Infallibility of the Supreme Pontiff was called in question, and an attack upon the loyalty of Catholics to their Sovereign grounded upon that decree, you responded to a general call that you should take up our defence, and in a short treatise, grasping all the bearings of a delicate and complex subject, you satisfied the utmost demand of an over-excited public opinion; you even turned it in our favour; you spoke, and the impeachment of our loyalty fell to the ground, and we stood acquitted and justified. {174}

In congratulating ourselves upon the dignity which the Sovereign Pontiff has now bestowed upon you, we gather together these five characters of your long and eventful life, rejoicing that its last period, which we pray may be for many years, will be spent in special ministry to the Chair of Peter, beside which Doctorship has ever found its security, Piety its support, Genius its crown, and Charity its reward.

NORFOLK, E. M., Chairman.
T. W. ALLIES, W. S. LILLY, Hon. Secs. of the Presentation Fund Committee.

To the Catholics of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Next to my promotion by the wonderful condescension of the Holy Father to a seat in the Sacred College, I cannot receive a greater honour, than, on occasion of it, to be congratulated, as I now have been, by Gentlemen, who are not only of the highest social and personal importance, viewed in themselves, but who come to me as in some sort representatives of the Catholics of these {175} Islands, nay of the wide British Empire.

Nor do you merely come to me on occasion of my elevation, but with the purpose, or at least with the effect, of co-operating with his Holiness in his act of grace towards me, and of making it less out of keeping, in the imagination of the outer world, with the course and circumstances of my life hitherto, and the associations attendant upon it. In this respect I conceive your Address to have a meaning and an impressiveness of its own, distinct from those other congratulations, more private, most touching and most welcome that have been made to me, and it is thus that I explain to myself the strength of your language about me, as it occurs in the course of it. For, used though it be in perfect sincerity and simple affection, I never will believe that such a glowing panegyric as you have bestowed upon me was written for my sake only, and not rather intended as an expression of the mind of English-speaking Catholics for the benefit of those multitudes who are not Catholics, and as a support thereby to me in my new dignity which is as really necessary for me, though in a different way, as those {176} contributions of material help with which also you are so liberally supplying me.

I accept then your word and your deed as acts of loyalty and devotion to the Holy Father himself, and I return you thanks in, I may say, his name, both for your munificence and for your eloquent praise of me.

This your double gift, for so I must consider it, I conceive to be an offering from you to the Sovereign Pontiff, to the Holy Roman Church, to the Sacred College, and lastly to the Cardinal Deacon of the Title of St. George; but still I should have very little heart, unless I also viewed it as a kindness personal to myself. Yes, of course it is personal, for the very reason that it is intended to enable me to be something more than what I am in my own person. A certain temporal status, a certain wide repute are necessary, or at least desirable, for the fulfilment of the duties to which in the sight of the Holy Father I have pledged myself. Among the obligations of a Cardinal I am pledged never to let my high dignity suffer in the eyes of men by fault of mine, never to forget what I have been made and whom I represent; and, if {177} there is a man who more required the support of others in satisfying duties for which he was not born, and in making himself more than himself, surely it is I.

The Holy Father, the Hierarchy, the whole of Catholic Christendom form, not only a spiritual, but a visible body; and as being a visible, they are necessarily a political body. They become, and cannot but become, a temporal polity, and that temporal aspect of the Church is brought out most prominently and impressively, and claims and commands the attention of the world most forcibly, in the Pope and his Court, in his Basilicas, Palaces, and other Establishments at Rome. It is an aspect rich in pomp and circumstance, in solemn ceremony, and in observances sacred from an antiquity beyond memory. He himself can only be in one place, but his Cardinals, so far as he does not require their presence around him, represent him in all parts of the civilised world, and carry with them great historical associations, and are a living memento of the Church's unity, such as has no parallel in any other polity. They are the Princes of an Ecumenical {178} Empire. The great prophecies in behalf of the Church are in them strikingly fulfilled, that "the Lord's House should be exalted above all the hills," and that "Instead of thy fathers sons are born to thee, whom thou shalt make princes over all the earth". I am not speaking of temporal dominion, but of temporal pre-eminence and authority, of a moral and social power, of a visible grandeur, which even those who do not acknowledge it, feel and bow before.

You, my dear Friends, have understood this; you have understood, better than I, what a Cardinal ought to be, and what I am not, my greatness of position and my wants. You, instead of me and for me have (in St. Paul's words) "glorified my office". You are enabling me to bear a noble burden nobly. I trust I never may disappoint you or forfeit your sympathy, but, as long as life lasts, may be faithful to the new duties which, by a surprising disposition of Providence, have been suddenly allotted to me.


The Assumption, 1879.

The Cardinal having concluded his reply Lord O'Hagan said: "I venture to address {179} one word to your Eminence in relation to the Catholics of Ireland. They will re-echo with full cordiality the praise and homage which has been offered to you in an Address worthily representing multitudes of the Catholics of the three kingdoms. But they have special relations to your Eminence. They remember with pride the long years of your sojourn amongst them. They have enduring gratitude for the great benefits you have conferred upon their country, and will desire, when your Eminence grants them the opportunity, to testify, substantively and for themselves, the admiration, reverence, and affection, in which they hold you." Cardinal Newman said: "I can only trust to you, my lord, and to those whom you represent, that you will make up for my deficiencies, and supply the expressions of gratitude and of those deep feelings which your Address to me has inspired". (See pp. 201, 232, 252.)


From the Catholic Poor School Committee

(Read and Presented by the Marquis of Ripon as Chairman of the Committee.)

The Catholic Poor School Committee of Great Britain desires with one voice to express its joy at your elevation to the dignity of Cardinal, and at the same time to render public thanks to His Holiness Leo XIII. for the honour which by this choice he has conferred not only upon the Catholics of the Empire, but, as it may with confidence say, upon the nation itself. So many-sided has been the {180} intellectual energy of your life, and in so many directions has its moral force pervaded the minds of men, that we shrink from the attempt to describe it, and would rather seek to discern that which has made it a consistent whole as well as a uniform advance from the beginning. We seem to see that, filled from the first with the sense of that most close and tender relation in which the Creator and the soul that He has created stand to each other, you felt a passionate love of God, and the desire to devote every faculty and act to His glory and the furtherance of His kingdom upon earth. Thus the thirst for truth and the aspiration of piety sprang up together and strengthened each other, and no suffering deterred you from their crowning act of submission to the Catholic Church by entrance into her communion. In such a course may we not see a connection, at least, with the purpose for which our Committee exists? It was founded to unite clergy and laity in the work of educating the mass of the people so that religious and secular knowledge and practice might be joined together in the nurture of the child. Thus it may be said to represent in the lowest part of the social scale that of which your life has been the typical example in the highest, the union of Reason with Faith, of Knowledge with Religion, of Genius with Piety. You dedicated seven years of your {181} life to carry out in Ireland a great design of the Holy See, the blending the profession of the true faith with the acquisition of all human science and culture; and as a result you have embodied in enduring works the Idea of a Catholic University. You have given thrice as many years in England, both time and thought without grudge, to the formation of a School which should cause the best tradition of English life to flourish upon the rich soil of the faith. For this end you made it a home in St. Philip's own house, taking it, so to say, into your heart. It is the aim of this Committee to do for the labouring classes, so far as the necessity of that labour allows, what in these two great instances you sought to accomplish for those who, having by the gift of Providence leisure to acquire learning, ought to expend both for the good of others. Permit, then, the Committee to select out of the many works of your life this one of Education, and on this ground especially to delight in the honour with which the Holy See—in whose mission to the world is included the union of Christian faith with human knowledge—has thought fit to crown a life from its beginning instinct with the desire to spread the kingdom of God among men, illumined throughout by the gift of genius, above all made fruitful by sacrifice.

RIPON, Chairman.
THOS. WM. ALLIES, Secretary. {182}

To the Members of the Catholic Poor School Committee

In returning to you my warmest and most hearty thanks for an Address conceived in the language of personal friendship rather than a formal tender of Congratulations on my recent elevation, I must express my especial pleasure on finding that the main view of my life, which you select for notice, is just that which I should wish you to fix upon, and should wish it for the same reason as has actuated you in selecting it, namely, because it brings you and myself together as associates in a common cause—the cause of Catholic Education.

To be honest, I do not deny that I could have wished you, in some things which you have said of me, to have less indulged your affectionate regard for me (I must venture on this phrase), and to have been more measured in language, which cannot indeed pain me, because it is so genuine and earnest; but I prefer to dwell on that portion of your Address which leads me to feel the pride and joy of fellowship with you in a great work, {183} and lets me with a safe conscience allow you to speak well of me; nay, to allow myself even to open my own mind and, indirectly heighten your praise of me.

It is indeed a satisfaction to me to believe, that in my time, with whatever shortcomings, I have done something for the great work of Education; and it is a second satisfaction, that, whereas the cause of Education has so long ago brought you into one body, you, whose interest in it is sure to have kept your eyes open to its fortunes, are able, after all disappointments, to pronounce, at the end of many years, that my endeavours have, in your judgment, had their measure of success.

The Committee for the Poor Schools has existed now for thirty-two years, and two-thirds of its members are laymen. I too, long before I was a Catholic Priest, set myself to the work of making, as the School, so also the Lecture-room, Christian; and that work engages me still. I have ever joined together faith and knowledge, and considered engagements in educational work a special pastoral office. Thus, without knowing you, and without your religious advantages, {184} I have, in spirit and in fact, ever associated myself with you.

When I was Public Tutor of my College at Oxford, I maintained, even fiercely, that my employment was distinctly pastoral. I considered that, by the Statutes of the University, a Tutor's profession was of a religious nature. I never would allow that, in teaching the classics, I was absolved from carrying on, by means of them, in the minds of my pupils, an ethical training. I considered a College Tutor to have the care of souls, and before I accepted the office I wrote down a private memorandum, that, supposing I could not carry out this view of it, the question would arise whether I could continue to hold it.

To this principle I have been faithful through my life. It has been my defence to myself, since my Ordination to the Priesthood, for not having given myself to direct parochial duties, and for having allowed myself in a wide range of secular reading and thought, and of literary work. And, now, at the end of my time, it is a consolation to me to be able to hope, if I dare rely upon results, that I have not been mistaken. I trust that I may, without presumption or arrogance, {185} accept this surprising act of the Sovereign Pontiff towards me, and the general gratification which has followed upon it, as a favour given me from above.

His Holiness, when he first told me what was in prospect for me, sent me word that he meant this honour to be "a public and solemn testimony" of his approbation; also that he gave it in order to give pleasure to Catholics and to my countrymen. Is not this a recognition of my past life almost too great for a man, and suggesting to him the "Nunc Dimittis" of the aged saint? Only do you pray for me, my dear Friends, that, by having a reward here, I may not lose the better one hereafter.


The Assumption, 1879.


From the Academia of the Catholic Religion

(Read and Presented by Mr. Edward Lucas.)

The Academia of the Catholic Religion had the honour to count you amongst its earliest members. It hails with profound gratitude to his Holiness {186} Leo XIII. your exaltation to the rank of Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church. The gifts of a Theologian, a Philosopher, an Historian, a Preacher, and a Poet, shed upon a single life a lustre seldom equalled: but it has been your merit to exert these varied gifts in the noblest of causes. The powers which, when bestowed singly, others have so often misspent in the propagation of error, you have used collectively, first in the pursuit and then in the companionship of truth. It was indeed given to you in the earlier half of your life to stir the heart and mind of a great people in a degree which is the lot of few in any age: in the later and happier period of it he who was already an unrivalled Master of English language and Leader of English thought became likewise an unsurpassed Exponent of Catholic doctrine, a victorious Defender of Catholic loyalty. Then these most precious gifts of intellect, the preacher's knowledge of the heart, the historian's knowledge of the race, the insight of proportion and cohesion in doctrines, whether natural or revealed, a power of illustration which arrayed sacred truth in the fairest garb, a style the mirror of exact and lucid thought, were seen to be but the outward ornaments of a life hallowed by sacrifice. That Loss and Gain at the central point of your course added ten-fold weight to the natural vigour of thought, and wisdom matured by suffering was the most eloquent {187} of teachers. You went to the centre of Christendom—to Peter, from whom its unity springs—and, as a true son of St. Philip, brought back with his habit a filial love of Rome, and caught by inheritance from that Father the secret of her Catacombs and the glory of her Basilicas. Such an one is fitted to be a Counsellor equally of the suffering as of the conquering Church. Therefore we do heartfelt homage to the choice of a great Pontiff, who, in exerting his own judgment, has divined our desire: and we pray that you, who are elected to be a Member of the Church's Sacred Senate at a time full of danger and difficulty, may for many years be preserved to dedicate to the special service of the Holy See the experience of a great and long life rich in labours and sufferings, a life which seems to culminate in its beauty and radiance as it advances to its rest and its reward.

HENRY EDWARD, Card. Archbishop of Westminster, President.
EDWARD LUCAS, Secretary.

To the Academia of the Catholic Religion

I offer my best thanks to the members of the Academia for the honour and the kindness they have done me by the Address which has now been presented to me, and for {188} the warmth of the language with which their Congratulations have been expressed.

Also I feel much gratified by their high estimate of the value of what I have written, of its literary merits, and of the service it has been to the interests of Religion.

Such praise comes with especial force and effect from the Members of an Academia; for such a body, whatever be its particular scope and subject-matter, still is ever, I conceive, in name and in office, a literary, or at least an intellectual, body; and therefore I naturally feel it as a high compliment to me, that my various writings should receive the approbation of men whose very function, as belonging to it, is to be critical.

However, I do not, I must not, forget, that whatever presents itself for critical examination admits of being regarded under distinct, nay, contrary aspects; and, while I welcome your account of me as expressive of your good-will and true respect for me, which claims my best acknowledgments, I shrink from taking it as representative of the judgment of the world about me, or of its intellectual circles either; and for this plain {189} reason, because even I myself, who am not likely to be unjust to myself, have ever seen myself in colours less favourable to my self-love, to my powers and to my works, than those in which you have arrayed me; and hence I cannot allow myself to bask pleasantly in the sunshine of your praises, lest I lose something of that sobriety and balance of mind, which it is a first duty jealously to maintain.

In fact, the point which you are so good as to insist upon, as if in my favour, has always been a sore point with me, and has suggested uncomfortable thoughts. A man must be very much out of the common to deserve the five great names with which you honour me; and for myself, certainly, when I have reflected from time to time on the fact of the variety of subjects on which I have written, it has commonly been whispered in my ear, "To be various is to be superficial".

I have not indeed blamed myself for a variety of work, which could not be avoided. I have written according to the occasion, when there was a call on me to write; seldom have I written without call, but I have ever felt it to be an unpleasant {190} necessity, and I have envied those who have been able to take and prosecute one line of research, one study, one science, as so many have done in this day, and thus to aspire to the "Exegi monumentum" of the Poet. I am not touching on the opinions which have characterised their labours, whether true or false; but I mean that an author feels his work to be more conscientious, satisfactory, and sound, when it is limited to one subject, when he knows all that can be known upon it, and when it is so fixed in his memory, and his possession of it is so well about him, that he is never at a loss when asked a question, and can give his answer at a minute's warning.

But I must come to an end; and, in ending, I hope you will not understand these last remarks to argue any insensibility to the depth of interest in me and kindly sympathy with me in your Address, which it would be very difficult indeed to overlook, but to which it is most difficult duly to respond.

The Assumption, 1879.


From the Committee of Management of the St. George's Club


The Committee of Management of the St. George's Club, on behalf of the general body of its members, desire to express to your Eminence their profound joy at your elevation to the Sacred Purple.

For thirty years the Catholics of this Country have looked to your Eminence as a great Champion of the faith among a population deeply prejudiced against it by ignorance and fable. It is to you that they owe, with much else, defences both of their veracity and loyalty, so powerful and winning as to have carried conviction to minds clouded by inveterate misconceptions, and to have turned a tide of prejudice which had been flowing strongly for three centuries.

But besides your signal services to the Catholic body at large, many members of this Club are bound to your Eminence by personal ties of a very sacred kind, and have special reason to rejoice in the honour shown by the Sovereign Pontiff to one who is to some a spiritual Father, to more a dear and venerated friend. {192}

The Committee of the St. George's Club trust, therefore, that they may be permitted to add their most respectful and affectionate homage to that which has reached Your Eminence from so many quarters upon this great and glad occasion.

On behalf of St. George's Club,
NORFOLK, E.M., President.

To the Committee of Management and the Members of the St. George's Club

When my first surprise was over, at the Sovereign Pontiff's gracious act towards me during the last spring, I felt that so great a gratification I could not have again, as that signal recognition by the highest of earthly authorities, of my person, my past life, my doings in it, and their results. But close upon it, and next to it in moment, and in claim upon my gratitude, comes the wonderful sympathy and interest in me, so wide and so eager in its expression, with which that favour from his Holiness has been caught up by the general public, and welcomed as appropriate, on the part of friends and strangers to me, of those who have no liking for the objects for which I have worked as well as those who have. {193}

In that accord and volume of kind and generous voices, you, Gentlemen, by the Address which now has been presented to me, have taken a substantial part, and thereby would have a claim on me, though there were nothing else to give you a place in my friendly thoughts; but this is not all which gives a character of its own to your congratulations.

I was much touched by your noticing the special tie of a personal character which attaches some of your members to me, and me to them; it is very kind in you to tell me of this, and it is a kindness which I shall not forget.

Also there is between you and myself a tie which is common to you all; and that, if not a religious tie also, is at least an ecclesiastical, and one which in more than in one respect associates us together. St. George is your Patron; and you are doubly under his Patronage: first, because he is this country's Saint, and next, in that voluntary union, by virtue of which you address me. Now I on the other side have been appointed titular of his ancient Church in Rome; his Chapter, his dependents, his fabric, are all under my {194} care, and, here again, as I claim to have an interest in you more than others have, so you may claim to share in the devotion paid to that glorious Martyr in his venerable Basilica.

But it would be wrong to detain you longer; and, while I repeat my thanks to all the members of the Club for their Address, my special thanks are due to you, gentlemen, who have taken the trouble to present it to me in person.


The Assumption, 1879.


From the Training College of the Sisters of Notre Dame, Liverpool

Presented, Aug. 15, by the Marquis of Ripon, as Chairman of the Managing Committee of the Training College of Notre Dame, Liverpool. He prefaced it by a few words of high commendation of the College, which he said ranked as inferior to no institution of the kind in the country.

The Convent of the Sisters of Notre Dame, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, which has for twenty-three years discharged the office of a Training College for female teachers, in connection with {195} the Catholic Poor School Committee as Managers, and with the Government as Administrators of the Parliamentary Grant for Education, begs to express to you their joy at the immense honour bestowed on you, an honour reflected in no small degree upon their country by the Holy Father, Leo XIII., in raising you to the dignity of the Cardinalate.

As an educating institution, we feel the vast importance of a Catholic Literature, and we find in the thirty-four volumes of your works what we trust is an omen of the future richness of our store. You have treated therein, very largely, of the things of God and the things of man, the converse of the soul with her Maker and Redeemer, and the manifold relations of human society. You have explored history with the acutest light of reason illuminated by faith; and philosophy has become in your hands the torch-bearer of religion. In these most varied works, which may be termed "a well of English undefiled," we are conscious that you have provided for the untold and ever-increasing millions, who, in the furthest East as in the West, speak the English tongue and hold the Catholic Faith, a source at once of human consolation and of divine light. Other pupils besides ours will, in the ages to come, learn by the voice of Gerontius the secrets of the unseen state, and be drawn to aspire after the prize of eternal communion with God. {196}

But permit us to point at a more special contact between part of the work of your Eminence in the past and our own actual task. You gave seven years of your life to the foundation of a Catholic University in Ireland: a permanent fruit of which remains, not only in the institution founded, but in that illustration of an University's highest functions which you have drawn with the utmost force and precision. Since you retired from that work to St. Philip's home, our College, aided by a Government which is both more just and more generous in its treatment of Education here than in Ireland, has sent forth upwards of eight hundred Catholic teachers into our schools. We are sure that you, who have toiled in the cultivation of the learned, feel an equal zeal to promote that of the labouring classes, for among the gifts bestowed upon you so munificently by the Divine Goodness, the heart of a great Preacher is one of the most conspicuous.

For this work of ours, in which we have followed to the best of our ability, in the humblest sphere of human thought, the example you have set up in its highest range, and for ourselves in particular, we ask your Eminence's benediction, and the more, because a great proportion of those whom we have instructed and sent forth belong to that Irish race to which you devoted so many years: a race, which {197} by spreading into so many lands carries far and wide that English tongue, in the utmost purity and strength of which you have set forth the triumphs of the Catholic faith.


Liverpool, Aug. 13, 1879.

To the Training College of the Sisters of Notre Dame, Liverpool

[This Reply was extempore.]

The name of the Liverpool Sisters of Notre Dame would have been quite enough, without other words, to make me understand the value of the congratulations which your lordship has been so good as to put into my hands in their behalf, and which, I need scarcely say, are rendered doubly welcome to me as coming to me through your lordship. May I beg of you the additional favour of your assuring them in turn of the great pleasure which their Address has given me, not only as proceeding from a religious community, whose kindly estimation of such as me is ever coincident or even synonymous with prayer for his welfare, but also as expressing the sentiments of ladies who by their special culture of mind and educational {198} experience have a claim to be heard when they speak, as in this case, on a question whether his writings have done good service in the cause of Catholic faith. For the gratification then which their language concerning me has given me, and especially for that overflowing personal good-will towards me which in the first instance has led to their addressing me, I beg of your lordship's kindness to return to them my most sincere acknowledgments.

[A Post Card written by one * who had been present at the five Addresses, bears the following: "Ille Senex miræ fuit dignitatis, modestiæ, comitatis. Pulcherrima sanè venustas Senectutis Christianæ. Petrum loqui putares potiusquam Petri ministrum."]

* T. W. Allies, Esq.

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From Dr. Delany, Bishop of Cork, to Cardinal Newman

CORK, August 3, 1879.
Great as the honour and pleasure are of approaching your Eminence on this occasion, I should not have ventured to do so in my individual capacity. One may not undertake a proceeding which would be the ambition of all, and being carried out would be oppressive to the subject of their veneration. Happily, {199} as spokesman of a firm Catholic Community, I have at the same time an opportunity of expressing my personal feelings of delight at the promotion of your Eminence to your present most exalted rank, not only honourable to yourself, but, I may perhaps add, creditable to our Holy Church.

I might not please you by referring to your noble intellectual powers, more appreciated by the rest of the world than by yourself, but your Eminence must be consoled by the convictions of others that our good God has made you the instrument of various and wide-spread blessings to multitudes of your fellow-men.

Whilst the Catholic world hailed with delight the happy inspiration of our Holy Father in electing you to a place in the College of his Cardinals, I don't think that any portion of our Church cherished the feeling more warmly than the good Catholics of Cork. I expected as much, yet I was specially struck by the quiet enthusiasm that pervaded all ranks of our Community on the occasion.

And having humbly joined in the tribute prepared for your Eminence, they could not be content unless they gave expression to you in person of their admiration, reverence, and love. I have the honour of forwarding the Address they wish me to lay before you. Few besides your Eminence could devise such a form {200} of words, as would adequately convey their sentiments.

No accumulation of honours could increase my own profound and affectionate veneration save only this judgment of our great Sovereign Pontiff.

I have the honour to be,
Your Eminence's
Most humble and devoted servant,

Address from the City of Cork

May 10, 1879.
The Bishop, Clergy, Mayor, and Catholic people of Cork, in accord with their fellow-countrymen generally, beg to approach you with sincere congratulations, on the auspicious occasion of your elevation to the high office and dignity of Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church.

Drawn by a singular grace of God from the darkness of error and schism into the light of Christ's true Church, you co-operated so faithfully with the heavenly gift as to become yourself a beacon-light to hundreds of others, who, moved by your example, and instructed by your writings, have followed you into the tranquil haven of the True Faith.

To the Church of your adoption you have proved yourself not only a devoted Son, but wherever battle was to be done {201} for her cause a ready and irresistible Champion.

As Irishmen we owe you a special debt of gratitude, for that, at the call of our Hierarchy, you left your home and detached yourself from your natural associations and devoted several years of your services to the interests of Catholic University Education amongst us, shedding by your name and literary labours a lustre on that Institution which you strove to establish in the face of nearly insurmountable difficulty.

Wishing you years of honour and usefulness in your new and exalted position.

WILLIAM DELANY, Bishop of Cork.
JAMES DONEGAN, J. P, Major, Hon. Sec.

Reply to the Address from the City of Cork

August 21, 1879.
I well understand and feel deeply the honour done me in the Address on occasion of my recent elevation which I have received with your signatures attached, in the name {202} of the Catholics, clergy and laity, forming the large and important population of Cork.

It is an additional mark of attention of which I am very sensible, that the Address is so beautifully illuminated, coming to me in a form as exquisite, considered as a work of art, as it is generous and kindly in the sentiments about me to which it gives expression.

You show a kindly sympathy for me, in what you say of my conversion to the Catholic Faith and the circumstances attendant on it; and I consider you to be very generous to me in the notice you take of my services so long ago in behalf of the Catholic University.

Certainly it is very gratifying to be told that my efforts then, such as they were, in the cause of University Education were not without effect; and, though I cannot myself estimate them as highly as you indulgently do, it is too pleasant to believe that in this matter you know better than I, for me to make any violent attempt to prove that you speak too strongly in their commendation.

May I beg of you, my Lord Bishop, and of your associates in signing the {203} Address, to convey to the Catholics of your city my most sincere thanks for it, and to assure them that I shall never lose the sense of pleasure which I derive from the friendliness with which they regard me, and for the warmth with which they have welcomed the gracious act towards me of the Holy Father.


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From Prior Raynal, O.S.B., St. Michael's, Hereford, to Cardinal Newman

August 23, 1879.
Allow me to offer you the heartfelt congratulations of myself and Community on your elevation to the dignity of Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church. Please also to accept the expressions of our deep respect conveyed to you in person by Canon Hurworth. I take this opportunity to thank your Eminence for the love you have always evinced towards our great Father St. Benedict, as also for the good-will you have always manifested for the Order, of which we are the very lowly members.

Overwhelmed as you are by congratulatory letters, I beg that you will not {204} trouble to acknowledge these few lines. We shall deem ourselves happy to secure a memento in your Holy Mass and a blessing from your fraternal heart.

Believe me, my Lord Cardinal,
Ever yours most respectfully,

To Fr. Raynal, Prior, St. Michael's, Hereford

August 24, 1879.
Your letter, delivered to me by Canon Hurworth, in your own name and in the name of your Community, is very kind and welcome to me, and I thank you all for it. It has been an extreme gratification to me to find the gracious act towards me of the Holy Father seconded so warmly by my brother Catholics at home.

You say most truly that I have always had a great devotion for St. Benedict and love of his Order, and I don't see how a son of St. Philip Neri can feel otherwise. It was a priest of St. Benedict who sent him to Rome, and a priest of St. Benedict who decided for him on his remaining {205} there—and in his spirit, so simple and lovable, I see nothing else than the spirit of St. Benedict.

I trust, my Very Rev. Father, that your kindness to me on this occasion is a token that you and yours will sometimes recollect a very old man in your good prayers.

Most sincerely yours in Christ,


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Newman Reader — Works of John Henry Newman
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